Peace and the Future of Southeastern Europe
The Liechtenstein Colloquium, "Peace and the Future of Southeastern Europe," was held to examine, develop, and discuss feasible, credible, and manageable models for solutions – in the strategic, humanitarian, political, and economic spheres – to provide for peace, stability, and prosperity in Southeastern Europe. The colloquium focused on the aftermath of the Kosovo refugee crisis and the NATO intervention in Serbia. The sessions were held just as KFOR troops began moving into Kosovo. The topics of discussion were broad, however, and covered issues applicable to the entire region of Southeastern Europe. The colloquium encouraged an open, unrestricted, and constructive dialogue that included both the practical and the theoretical, as well as unconventional ideas and solutions.
The participants contributed in their personal capacities to the discussions of five major issues covered each at separate sessions. A keynote speaker started each session by presenting the topic and the most relevant points of discussion. The participants were encouraged to give due overall consideration to the following additional topics: the sub-regional and regional framework; the potential for regional cooperation/integration into the European Union, and how the integrative role of the EU could "Europeanize" the entire region; domestic and regional programs to facilitate: Repatriation, Reconstruction, Reconciliation, and Regionalization; the extent to which the "Europeanization" of the region could promote the reconstruction of its infrastructure and the recreation of regional cooperation networks; fighting crime of all types and maintaining basic individual security; for the children and adolescents: (objective) education and professional training, programs to prevent unemployment and keep children off the streets, and psychological counseling for the youngest suffering from war/refugee-related trauma; democratization - along with the protection of moderate leaders and opposition parties; religious and cultural issues - and how they interact with local political culture; regional security, stability, and arms control, affected through regional demilitarization and arms-control regimes buttressed with verification and other confidence building measures; the interests of the community versus the interests of the nation-state; the role of outside powers as it relates to regional security cooperation, specifically NATO in relation to the Russian Federation; and the influence of the outside world coming particularly from the diaspora, refugees, allies, and other sources.