New LISD Report Focuses on Emerging European Security Challenges

A new report by the Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination, "Emerging European Security Challenges," assesses three contemporary issues impacting security in Europe, how they are interconnected, and the effects of this in a broader regional context. The report is based on outcomes from discussions started at a colloquium convened in Triesenberg, Liechtenstein, on November 12-15, 2015. The colloquium brought together senior governmental representatives, academics, policy-makers, diplomats, and representatives of civil society and NGOs. LISD Director Wolfgang Danspeckgruber chaired the November meeting which was funded in part by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. The report reflects the substance of these discussions and includes an updated Chair’s Addendum.

The objective of the colloquium was to examine the interactions between and the various effects of three key crises—the Ukraine war, the war in Syria, and the European refugee crisis—for broader regional, EU, and international security. Cluster One considered “Russia, Ukraine, the West, and the future of collective security,” including the role of the Baltic states in security issues, the relationship between Russia and the European Union, and the role of media, information and hybrid warfare. Cluster Two, “The Syrian War and ISIS/Da’esh” focused on several issues related to the ongoing civil war and conflict in the Middle East, including alliances of the Assad government, rebel and other opposition groups, ISIS/Da’esh, Russia, Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States, and, especially, the Kurds. Emphasis was put on the plight of Christians and other religious groups in the region. Cluster Three, “The refugee crisis and the challenge of European collective action,” connected the worst refugee crisis in Europe since World War II to the situation in the MENA region. It focused on refugees and migrants within Europe’s borders and along the Balkan route, the role of Turkey, Greece and Germany, terrorism concerns, and EU actions and emerging differences between member states. The protection of religious minorities and the longer-term question of integration and assimilation of refugees and asylum-seekers offered another focus.